We must understand that in ancient India, predominantly an agricultural country, the cow was a symbol of wealth because it was expensive to buy a cow and maintain it. Only a few fortunate folks could afford multiple cows. It was an expensive animal because of its varied uses in the home and in the fields like:
- The cow was relied upon for dairy products like milk, ghee, yogurt, etc.
- The cows were used for plowing and tilling the fields. In India, the largest chunk of the population is vegetarian so it is important to understand that the cow was revered a lot as she was responsible for all the food.
- Cow dung was a source of fuel, source of fertilizer and had extensive use in the home (even for painting walls or providing structure to walls, making huts, etc).
- People who had more numbers of cows were stamped as higher class. Cows enjoyed the status that gold or money enjoys today.
The most important turn of events happened when cow sacrifice became prevalent by a particular sect of people who developed some evil beliefs about cow sacrifice. It was around that time, in order to protect the cows, people started calling the cow as gau mata (mother). A mother is to be worshiped and not to be killed. This belief was a need of the time. Also, it is wrong to kill an animal because if it dies an unnatural death, it has still not completed its karmic cycle and will be reborn as a cow again. The killer accumulates the karma of the unnatural death. For these reasons, the cow was worshiped. But this changed with times and today we just respect the cow just like any other life on Earth!
If you have questions, please feel free to send it by clicking on the “Ask a Question” button on the left sidebar.